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Category Archives: Healthcare

Do Animals ‘Drink’ Intentionally?

A link to the following article was in my mail yesterday.  The article is interesting however, I don’t think it really gets at what might be underlying causes of birds imbibing a little too much or a little too frequently….

James MacDonald.  2014.  When Birds Drink Too MuchJSTOR Daily, January 1,4 2015.

 

There are two articles cited by the above mini-article.  I think that they are important and can be read online without any extra cost.

Frank Wiens, Annette Zitzmann, Marc-Andre Lachance, Michel Yegles, Fritz Pragst, Friedrich M. Wurst, Dietrich von Holst, Saw Leng Guan, and Rainer Spanagel.  2008.  Chronic intake of fermented floral nectar by wild treeshrews.  PNAS, Volume 105, No. 30, pages 10426-10431.

S.D. Fitzgerald, J.M. Sullivan and R.J. Everson.  1990.  Suspected Ethanol Toxicosis in Two Wild Cedar Waxwings.  Avian Diseases, Volume 34, No. 2, (Apr. – Jun., 1990), pages 488-490.

 

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Treeshrews?  Waxwings?

Eberhard Fuchs and Silke Cobach-Sohle.  2010.  Tree shrews in The UFAW handbook on the care and management of laboratory and other research animals, 8th ed. Oxford, UK:  Wiley-Blackwell, pages 262-275.

Loren S. Putnam.  1949.  The Life History of the Cedar WaxwingThe Wilson Bulletin, pages 141-182.

 

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My thoughts on this are going towards the caloric intake in fruits and berries that are fermented or are in the process of fermenting.  It seems to me that it might be higher than when the fruits and berries have just freshly ripened.

Eva M. Sehub,Alan C. Logan, and Alison C. Bested.  2014.  Fermented foods, microbiota, and mental health:  ancient practice meets nutritional psychiatryJournal of Physiological Anthropology.  Article 332.

 

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Is it just the birds or do other creatures like a little drink now and then too?

Cheryl D. Knott.  1998.  Changes in Orangutan Caloric Intake, Energy Balance, and Ketones in Response to Fluctuating Fruit AvailabilityInternational Journal of Primatology.  Volume 19, No. 6, pages 1061

 

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Reading a bit further and another thought occurred to me!  Higher caloric intake for wildlife, just before winter sets in, would be useful for survival.  Putting on a little weight to get through the cold dark nights.  Can the fermentation of fruits provide other contributions to survival?

James O. Vafidis, Ian P. Vaughan, T. Hefin Jones, Richard J. Facey, Rob Parry, Robert J. Thomas.  2014.  Habitat Use and Body Mass Regulation among Warblers in the Sahel Region during the Non-Breeding SeasonPLOS One.  doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0113665

Mark C. Witmer.  1996.  Annual Diet of Cedar Waxwings Based on U.S. Biological Survey Records (1885-1950) Compared to Diet of American Robins:  Contrasts in Dietary Patterns and Natural HistoryThe Auk.  Volume 113, No. 2, Pages 414-430.

 

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So, if the intoxicating fruits and berries are a good thing, why are some birds overdoing it?  Now?  Could it be that there is less competition for these yummy morsels?  Fewer birds equals more party favours?

Jennifer A. Howard.  2014.  The Lesser Coverts of Game BirdsBooth, Volume 6, No. 2, Page 1-2.

Probably not the best answer to my question but, a very good short story!  One that has me thinking a bit further off-track than usual.  I will come back to this story for another post.

 

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And then, there are people….

Laren Cordain, S. Boyd Eaton, Anthony Sebastian, Neil Mann, Staffan Lindeberg, Bruce A Watkins, James H. O’Keefe, and Janette Brand-Miller.  2005.  Origins and evolution of the Western diet:  health implications for the 21st centuryThe American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.  Volume 81, pages 341-354.

Manas Ranjan Swain, Marimuthu Anandharaj, Ramesh Chandra Ray, and Rizwana parveen Rani.  2014.  Fermented Fruits and Vegetables of Asia:  A Potential Source of Probiotics.  Hindawi Publishing Corporation Biotechnology Research International.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/250424

 

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And, because we can think of other things to do with ethanol products…

Veeranjaneya Reddy Lebaka, Hwa-Won Ryu, and Young-Jung Wee.  2014.  Effect of fruit pulp supplementation on rapid and enhanced ethanol production in very high gravity (VHG) fermentationSpringerLink.  doi:  10.1186/s40643-014-0022-8

 

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And thinking along these lines… maybe we need to look at chronic diseases that may have some beginning in the foods that are available to us now as well as those that we choose to eat a lot of and, without competition, possibly eat a little too regularly – much like the small woodland creatures and birds in the first few articles.

Your thoughts are important to me and to continuing this as a discussion.  Please comment….

 

 

 

 

 

Mangrove Forests….

I just found a wonderful and interactive site!  Well, this isn’t just a site, this is a database and, it is worth a visit….

http://mangroves.elaw.org/map

 

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Now, I tried to put the following into my own words but, it is so perfectly written that I have copied and pasted it here for you:

A Case for Mangroves
The approximately 70 distinct species of mangroves in the world cover roughly 17,000,000 hectares globally (Valiela et al.  2001) – only 0.12 percent of the Earth’s surface (Sullivan 2005, Ellison 2008).  The greatest diversity is in Southeast Asia (36-46 species); the lowest diversity is in the United States and the Middle East (1-3 species) (Polidoro et al.  2010).  Mangroves are being cut down or otherwise destroyed at such a high rate that they may be functionally extinct by 2100 (Duke et al.  2007).  In just the last 50 years, 30-50 percent of the global acreage has been lost.  (Alongi 2002, Duke et al. 2007)  Mangroves are among the most valuable and most threatened ecosystems on Earth.  The ecosystems services they provide—e.g., buffering coastal communities against flooding and storms, fiber production, habitat for thousands of species of birds, mammals and marine species—are estimated to be worth US $1.6 billion dollars/year (Polidoro et al.  2010).  In addition, recent evidence suggests that mangroves sequester carbon more effectively than any other tropical forest (Donato et al.  2011).”

This is important!

 

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There are 65 of the most influential papers on mangroves and mangrove forests listed on this site.  All are worth reading but, we don’t all have that much time….

If there is a paper that you feel is missing, please add it in the comments below.  I look forward to hearing from you.

 

Small Change… Re-inventing Small Business on a Global Scale

I have an Etsy shop!  It has become a goal to be able to work without schedule, to be able to study, create, get enough sleep, and pay my bills without have to time my morning coffee to the public transit schedule….

With this in mind, I began to go through some articles that I have here.  Some are printed out, some are online, some have a partially finished precis.  They are all interesting and in putting this post together I have read parts of all them although, not all of them have made it here.

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Article:  Embroidery as Participation?  Women in the Calakmul Model Forest, Campeche, Mexico.  pdf

Author:  Julia E. Murphy.  Professor of Anthropology at Kwantlen Polytechnic University

Published in:  2003

Journal:  Canadian Woman Studies, les cahiers de la femme, Vol. 23, No. 1, pages 159-167.

My copy was downloaded in November, 2014.  I found it here http://pi.library.yorku.ca/ojs/index.php/cws/article/view/6376

Why this article interested me:  I love embroidery!  I learned to do embroidery from my grandmother.  When my daughter was small, my ability to knit helped to pay the bills.  Small ventures in a cooperative atmosphere can make life easier.

 

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Article:  Village Development Groups:  Model Based on Participation in Achieving Rural Development.  pdf

Authors:  Mahmoud Falsolaiman, Hojat Sadeghi, and Mohammad Hajipur.

Published in:  2014

Journal:  Journal of Geography and Regional Planning, Vol. 7, No. 4, June 2014, pages 78-85.

My copy was downloaded in November, 2014.  I found it here http://www.academicjournals.org/article/article1403017553_Mahmoud%20et%20al.pdf

Why this article interested me:  After finding the article by Julia Murphy, I went looking for more.  One of the keyword groups I used was “micro credit.”  Developing small businesses with very small amounts of venture capital has worked and is working.  I wanted to know more!

 

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Article:  New Venture Teams:  A Review of the Literature and Roadmap for Future Research.  pdf

Authors:  Anthony C. Klotz, Keith M. Hmieleski, Bret H. Bradley, and Lowell W. Busenitz.

Publisher:  Journal of Management, Vol. 40, No. 1.

DOI:  10.1177/0149206313493325

Publication Date:  January 2014.

My copy was downloaded in November, 2014.  I found it here http://jom.sagepub.com/content/40/1/226.full.pdf+html

Find more of Anthony Klotz’s writing here  –  Publications List

Find more of Keith Hmieleski’s writing here  –  Publications List

Find more of Bret Bradley’s writing here  –  Publications List

Find more of Lowell Busenitz’s writing here  –  Publications List

Why this article interested me:  So, starting a business…  Venture capital…  Taking a chance…  Is there still a climate in North America for the small partnership to succeed?  I found this article.  It has a lot about studies, research, benefits.  But, cooperation between individuals was my question.

 

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Article:  Does Studying Economics Inhibit Cooperation?.  pdf

Authors:  Robert H. Frank, Thomas Gilovich and Dennis T. Regan.

Publisher:  American Economic Association, Vol. 7, No. 2, pages 159-171.

Publication Date:  Spring, 1993.

My copy was downloaded in November, 2014.  I found it here

http://karlan.yale.edu/fieldexperiments/papers/00242.pdf

Find more of Robert Frank’s writing here  –  Publications List

Find more of Thomas Gilovich’s writing here  –  Publications List

Find more of Dennis Regan’s writing here  –  Publications List

Why this article?  Because the title caught my attention!  To find out more about the differences between economics majors and non-economics majors and how self-interest might play a role in business decisions, this is a lighter than average and, an interesting read!

 

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Book:  A Handbook of Fist Puppets.  By Bessie Alexander Ficklen:  With eight reproductions from photographs and numerous line drawings by Julie Brown

Published in:  1935.

Publisher:  Frederick A. Stocks Company.  New York.

Library Holdings:  One copy (1963) is available in the reference section at the Toronto Public Library.  Link

There are also many copies of this book for sale, online…

Why this book?  The title of Chapter XIV is “Money-Making with Fist Puppets.”  This book was a $1 find at a library book sale many years ago.  I have enjoyed browsing the pages and it holds a special place on my bookshelf.  Even though I will probably never venture to sell handmade fist puppets or write or stage my own fist puppet play, the author of this book encourages this as a means of creativity and possible income.  There is also a short, annotated, bibliography!

 

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Article:  Willow Smoke and Dogs’ Tails:  Hunter-Gatherer Settlement Systems and Archaeological Site Formation.  pdf

Author:  Lewis R. Binford

Publisher:  American Antiquity, Vol. 45, No. 1, pages 4-20.

Publication Date:  January 1980.

My copy was downloaded in 2014.  I found it here

http://arkeobotanika.pbworks.com/f/Binford%2080%20American%20Antiquity%20Willow%20smoke.pdf

Find more of Lewis Binford’s writing here  –  Publications List

Why this paper?  Lewis Binford’s description of the Nunamiut, “logistically organized.”  Hunter-gatherer’s used their knowledge of the world around them to survive.  They had to know when to move, when to stay, who to trade with.  I love reading about ancient civilizations.  We have discovered a lot about many civilizations, peoples, cultures but, we can only guess at what they knew and how they knew it.

Biology is about survival and there are only two outcomes to business, success and failure.  Life is about much more.  It is about cooperation, successes and failures, personal growth and continuation despite the outcomes.  We need to read!

 

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If any of these links do not work, please contact me and I will try to help you find the article or book that you are looking for.

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If you find any broken links on this blog, please leave a comment or send me a note so that it can be repaired.  Thank  you….

Voices from the Past – Article Link to writings on Poverty, I wonder how much has changed in 15 years….

I am placing the link information for these articles here with the thought that easier access to free e-books such as this will encourage reading and open discussion.  This is also an open invitation for you to write a precis on this book (or, on any other article or book or section of such, that you find necessary or interesting)….

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e-Book:  Voices of the Poor:  Can Anyone Hear Us?  Voices From 47 Countries.

Author:  Deepa Narayan with Raj Patel, Kai Schaffi, Anne Rademacher, and Sarah Koch-Schulte.  pdf

Published in:  1999

This is a published study that was funded by the Poverty Group, PREM, World Bank.

My copy was downloaded in November, 2014.  I found it here

http://www.iczmpwb.org/main/pdf/ebooks/vol1.pdf

Find more of Deepa Narayan’s writing here  –  Publications Link

If the link does not work, please contact me and I will try to help you find a copy.

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Here are a couple more articles that I have found to be of interest in a “connections” sort of way.  I hope that you might find them interesting too.

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Article:  Causal Stories and the Formation of Policy Agendas.  pdf

Author:  Deborah A. Stone

Published in:  1989

Journal:  Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 104, No. 2 (Summer, 1989), pages 281-300.

My copy was downloaded in November, 2014.  I found it here http://www.wilf.org/Sapir/stonecausalstories.pdf

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Article:  Do the Weak Stand a Chance?  Distribution of Resources in a Competitive Environment.  pdf

Authors:  Judith Avrahami and Yaakov Kareev.

Published in:  2009

Journal:  Cognitive Science, Vol. 33, Issue 5, pages 940-950.

My copy was downloaded in November, 2014.  I found it here http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/%28ISSN%291551-6709/issues

Find more of Judith Avrahami’s writing here  –  Publications List

Find more of Yaakov Kareev’s writing here  –  Publications List

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If any of these links do not work, please contact me and I will try to help you find the article or book that you are looking for.

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If you find any broken links on this blog, please leave a comment or send me a note so that it can be repaired.  Thank  you….

Link to the Article: Whose Death Is It Anyway? by Maureen Taylor, 2014

I am placing the link information for this article here with the thought that easier access to articles such as this will encourage reading and open discussion.  This is also an open invitation for you to write a precis on this article (or, any other article that you find necessary or interesting)….

You can find more healthcare articles such as this one, here.

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Article:  Whose Death Is It Anyway?  Persepctive on End-of-Life in Canada.

Authors:  Maureen Taylor, BA, BHSc.  Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Published in:  2014

My copy was downloaded in November, 2014.  I found it here http://www.longwoods.com/content/23963

If the link does not work, please contact me and I will try to help you find a copy.

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If you find any broken links on this blog, please leave a comment or send me a note so that it can be repaired.  Thank  you….