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Category Archives: Statistics

In The Beginning (of this blog)…

There was a tomato plant….

Several years later, there is another tomato plant!  It is gaining momentum!

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No need for a chain of command to appear here or, is there?

Sir!  Do we have enough tomatoes yet?  Do we need a discussion on this matter?  What about the aphids?  Sir!  Sir?  There are aphids!

Aphids?  This is not the Middle Ages!  We have to ask for permission.  This isn’t something we can just ‘handle.’  We need a committee!

Sir?

Stick around kid, I’m calling parliament — I’m on hold….  Be with you in a minute!  Do we have a call-back number?

SIR?

Beautiful Warnings….

The cherry trees lining the street where I work now are in bloom.  I have the privilege of walking by them several days a week.  Many of the buds have opened.

The "For Rent" sign was removed from this nest on Monday afternoon.  Renovations are underway and the new tenants are noisy and cheeky....

The “For Rent” sign was removed from this nest on Monday afternoon. Renovations are underway and the new tenants are noisy and cheeky….

 

This afternoon, there are more blossoms open.  Tomorrow the show of pink against blue should be stunning.

Tuesday Blossoms and the sky is even bluer....

Tuesday Blossoms and the sky is even bluer….

 

I have been privileged to stand watch as a four hour sunset turned into a four hour sunrise.  That was many July’s ago during a 12 hour graveyard shift on the roof of a coker at Syncrude.

I do not have a photograph, only memories…  Inside the plant, personal cameras are not allowed to be carried by employees.

 

Today is February 23, 2014.

The photos of the cherry blossoms were taken in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada where in February’s past we have huddled under umbrellas, pulling our jackets close as the cold winds blew in off of the water.  I grew up here.  The cold winds and wet weather of winter are what is necessary to keep the rain forests green.

 

Climate change is real.

 

I have recently read Naomi Klein’s newest book, This Changes Everything:  Capitalism vs. The Climate.  I do not believe that she exaggerates any point.

 

Every small thing we do (or don’t do) to stop the change helps.

Mangrove Forests….

I just found a wonderful and interactive site!  Well, this isn’t just a site, this is a database and, it is worth a visit….

http://mangroves.elaw.org/map

 

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Now, I tried to put the following into my own words but, it is so perfectly written that I have copied and pasted it here for you:

A Case for Mangroves
The approximately 70 distinct species of mangroves in the world cover roughly 17,000,000 hectares globally (Valiela et al.  2001) – only 0.12 percent of the Earth’s surface (Sullivan 2005, Ellison 2008).  The greatest diversity is in Southeast Asia (36-46 species); the lowest diversity is in the United States and the Middle East (1-3 species) (Polidoro et al.  2010).  Mangroves are being cut down or otherwise destroyed at such a high rate that they may be functionally extinct by 2100 (Duke et al.  2007).  In just the last 50 years, 30-50 percent of the global acreage has been lost.  (Alongi 2002, Duke et al. 2007)  Mangroves are among the most valuable and most threatened ecosystems on Earth.  The ecosystems services they provide—e.g., buffering coastal communities against flooding and storms, fiber production, habitat for thousands of species of birds, mammals and marine species—are estimated to be worth US $1.6 billion dollars/year (Polidoro et al.  2010).  In addition, recent evidence suggests that mangroves sequester carbon more effectively than any other tropical forest (Donato et al.  2011).”

This is important!

 

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There are 65 of the most influential papers on mangroves and mangrove forests listed on this site.  All are worth reading but, we don’t all have that much time….

If there is a paper that you feel is missing, please add it in the comments below.  I look forward to hearing from you.

 

Is this all the choice we get? Gender Bias in Universities…

There is a photograph on the home page of the Kwantlen Polytechnic University Website that I initially found amusing but after thinking about it for a while, I have decided that I actually find it offensive.

It is a photograph of a row of shoes.  Three pairs are black, one pair is brown, one pair is white.  Three are kind of dressy, two are kind of casual.  Two are flats, three have heels.  Four have a strap across the instep, one doesn’t.   All five pairs of shoes would be appropriate for an entry level position in an office environment (my opinion only, I am sure you could wear them other places too….)  The shoes are not the problem.  The problem is the caption at the top of the photograph:

 

“Career Choices and Life Success
Attend an information session to learn more about this program.” 
 ccls-itsf-slider[1]

Kwantlen Polytechnic University Home Page link

Photograph and caption are being used here for educational purposes only.  Fair use.

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There is one pair of feet filling the middle pair of low heel, white shoes.  Is this it?  Are the choices that these shoes represent the only ones that women can expect to fill?  Are the choices of women choosing this particular university literally this narrow?  And, why choose the middle pair (middle of the road)?  Why choose the white pair (I don’t want to go here right now – I will go here later!)?  Why choose the pair with the mid-range of heel height (again in the middle…)  Why choose the middle pair (the middle pair?  Did I ask this already)?  Would the corresponding line-up of men’s shoes have five pairs of middle-of-the-road, entry level office position style choices?  Who chose these shoes?
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My problem:
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Is this it?  Is this all the choice that a woman entering this university can expect?  Middle of the road, sensible, affordable shoes that are appropriate for an office setting?  I mean, careers?  Where are the CSA approved worked boots?  Where are the hiking boots for the archaeologists and geologists?  Where are the nursing clogs (these are not only practical but really comfy!)?  This row of five pairs of shoes doesn’t even have anything suitable for wearing into a fine arts class….
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A peak into my closet (front to back, left to right):  Sensible tough walking shoes with sturdy soles.  Running shoes.  Strappy high heels.  Hiking boots.  Mid-heel black slip-ons.  More heels.  CSA approved green-tagged workboots (2 pair!).  More running shoes.  Another good sturdy pair of boots.  Rubber boots.  More strappy heels.  A pile of flip-flops (well, those might not be appropriate in too many work environments) and a couple pairs of sensible flats (these don’t get to work much either)….  You get the picture.  Life is about choice!  Dress for it!
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Where are the university watchdogs?  The ones who sing at the top of their lungs if you accidentally put a “he” or a “she” into a piece of writing?  Where are the people from the student groups who managed to get two gender-free washrooms at the Surrey campus?  Well?  Where are they?  Or, is going after an approved photograph on the home page of the university website just a little too, ummmm….  up front and political?

 

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Okay, link time.  I am not too certain where my article links might take me after this little rant but, I do know that they will probably be interesting.  If you know of any articles or papers that would fit in here, please post a link in the comments section.

 

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Is there gender bias in university advertising?  This article is not specific to university advertising but it is interesting and does provide an active mind with lots of relevant questions….

Article:  Gender Issues in Advertising – An Oversight Synthesis of Research:  1970-2002.  link

Author:  Lori D. Wolin, Lynn University.  Publications Link

Published in:  Journal of Advertising Research [link].  March 2003

DOI:  10-1017/S0021849903030125

My copy was downloaded in December, 2014.  I found using Google Scholar.

http://data.adic.co.kr/lit/publication/tmp/A9001206/A9001206.pdf

 

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Does education that is traditionally gender-biased (nursing / trades) put a person at risk of being an outsider?  Having been through trades training and attained journeyman status (red seal tickets), I have to say that it does.  The following article, viewed from behind my background in the trades, is particularly interesting.

Article:  Fear Extinction to an Out-Group Face.  link

Authors:

Published in:  Psychological Science (link), Volume 20, Number 2, 2009 (Link).  Pages 155-158

My copy was downloaded in December, 2014 and I found it using Google.

http://dash.harvard.edu/bitstream/handle/1/3128691/Mendes_FearExtinction.pdf

 

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Maybe feminine looking legs just have less risky preferences or is there a possibility that there is a lack of knowledge as to what the risks actually are?

Grey Paper:  Gender Differences in Preferences.  link

Authors:

Published by:  Harvard University

My copy was downloaded in December, 2014.  I found it here: http://www.hks.harvard.edu/content/download/70408/1254442/version/1/file/rachelcrosonandurigneez.pdf

 

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The recruiters are out there, at the universities, looking for future banking, civil service, retail employees.  What about the other choices?  Is anyone actually doing any recruiting for the people that actually fit into the non-traditional roles?  They used to!

Article:  Girls.  link

Published in:  Fords and Raritan Township Beacon (Link)

Published on:  Friday, April 28, 1948

My copy was downloaded in December, 2014.  I found it using Google.

http://archive.woodbridgelibrary.org/Archive/FordsBeacon/1943/1943-04-23/pg_0002.pdf

 

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…and maybe, it just comes down to what we want and expect from our career choices.

Article:  A New Frontier for Title IX:  Science.  link

Author:  John Tierney.  Publications

Published in:  The New York Times

Published on:  July 15, 2008

My copy was downloaded in December, 2014.

http://astro.berkeley.edu/~kalas/ethics/documents/diversity/tierney_TitleIX.pdf

 

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After reading the above, I need to read this.  I have it on hold at my local university library!

Book:  The Sexual Paradox:  Men, Women and the Real Gender Gap (Link)

Author:  Susan Pinker.  Books

Published by:  Simon & Schuster, New York.

Published in:  2009

 

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Not every question I ask gets answered.  In fact, most of my questions do not have answers or at least, they don’t have easy answers….  This stroll through academia is just that, a stroll.  For me, I ended up with more questions than I started with.  This is not a bad thing.  What are some of the questions you have?

 

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If any of these links do not work, please contact me and I will try to help you find the article, paper or book that you are looking for.

If you find any broken links on this blog, please leave a comment or send me a note so that it can be repaired.  Thank  you….

 

 

Are Barrier Islands Worth Protecting? What Makes This Type of Island Special?

Barrier islands are islands that form a barrier between open water and a larger body of land.  They form a “first defense” of protection from sea born storms such as hurricanes.  They protect the mainland against unceasing tidal action and waves.  They are breeding and nesting grounds for numerous vertebrates and invertebrates.  They form some of the loveliest places, visually, on this planet.  But, are they special?  When they are in trouble, are they worth saving?

Cat Islands, Mississippi Delta

I may or may not agree with what is in the following articles but, every one of these articles is important.  I have arranged them in chronological order.  My choices have taken into account the inclusions of maps and photographs (it is an easy way to compare today with yesterday).  I hope that you open one or two (or all) of them.  These research papers are more than just interesting and they are worth a browse through….

A blog worth browsing!  SkyTruth  Last Chance for Cat Island?

 

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The following are links to grey papers, peer-reviewed articles and book chapters.  Together, these publications form a body of work that is more than just interesting, it is historical and most are scientific in their approach to finding out answers to questions about things like barrier islands and what they do for this planet.

 

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Thesis:  Quantifying the Impact of Hurricanes, Mid-Latitude Cyclones and other Weather and Climate Extreme Events on the Mississippi-Alabama Barrier Islands Using Remotely Sensed Data.  pdf

Author:  Rebekah Jones

Published in:  2014

Thesis:  Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College, Department of Geography and Anthropology.

My copy was downloaded in December, 2014.  I found it here

http://etd.lsu.edu/docs/available/etd-03312014-165620/unrestricted/text2.pdf

 

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Chapter:  Hurricane Katrina, the Role of US National Parks on the Northern Gulf of Mexico and Post Storm Wetland Restoration.  pdf

Author:  Mark Ford.  National Park Service Southeast Regional Office, New Orleans, LA.

Book:  Safe Havens:  Protected Areas for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation.  Edited by Radhika Murti and Camille Buyck.

My copy was downloaded in December, 2014.  I found it here

http://admin.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/file/Safe%20Havens.pdf#page=155

This is Chapter 16.  The book is worth finding!

 

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Article:  Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill.  link

Author:  Cutler J. Cleveland, (ed. Peter Saundry

Published in:  The Encyclopedia of the Earth

Published on:  December 5, 2010 and updated on February 22, 2013

My copy was downloaded in December, 2014.  I found it here

http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/51cbf0267896bb431f6a0797/

 

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Article:  What are Barrier Islands Worth?  Estimates of Willingness to Pay for Restorationpdf

Authors:

Published in:  2009

Journal:  Marine Resource Economics (link), Vol. 24, pages 131-146.

My copy was downloaded in December, 2014.  I found it here

http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1889277

 

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Article:  Geomorphologic Evolution of Barrier Islands along the Northern U.S. Guld of Mexico and Implications for Engineering Design in Barrier Restorationpdf

Authors:

  • Julie Dean Rosati, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Research and Development Center (Publications)
  • Gregory W. Stone, Louisiana State University (Publications)

Published in:  January 2009

Journal:  Journal of Coastal Research (link), Vol. 25, No. 1, pages 8-22.

My copy was downloaded in December, 2014.  I found it here

http://cirp.wes.army.mil/Downloads/PDF/JCRv25-1_Rosati_Stone.pdf

 

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Article:  Historical Changes in the Mississippi-Alabama Barrier-Island Chain and the Roles of Extreme Storms, Sea Level, and Human Activitiespdf

Author:  Robert A. Morton, U.S. Geological Survey

Published in: November 2008.

Journal:  Journal of Coastal Research (link), Vol. 24, No. 6, pages 1587-1600.

My copy was downloaded in December, 2014.  I found it here

https://www.usm.edu/gcrl/mec/docs/nosb/historical.changes.in.the.MS.AL.barrier.islands.pdf

 

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Article:  Hurricane Katrina Storm Surge Distribution and Field Observations on the Mississippi Barrier Islandspdf

Authors:

  • Hermann M. Fritz, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology (publications)
  • Chris Blount, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Robert Sokoloski, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Justin Singleton, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Andrew Fuggle, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Brian G. McAdoo, Department of Geology and Geography, Vassar College (publications)
  • Andrew Moore, Department of Geology, Kent State University (publications)
  • Chad Grass, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Banks Tate, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology (Publications)

Published in:  2007

Journal:  Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science (link), 2007, pages 1-9.

My copy was downloaded in December, 2014.  I found it here

http://www.fowleren.com/ECSS_HurricaneKatrina_Fz.pdf

 

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Article:  National Assessment of Shoreline Change:  Part 1 Historical Shoreline Changes and Associated Coastal Land Loss Along the U.S. Gulf of Mexico.  pdf

Authors:

  • Robert A. Morton
  • Tara L. Miller
  • Laura J. Moore (publications)

Published in:  2004

Journal:  USGS:  Science for a Changing World, Open File Report 2004-1043

My copy was downloaded in December, 2014.  I found it here

http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1043/

Just a quick note.  The front cover of this report is stamped “Distribution Unlimited.”  There are publishing companies who want to charge to let you see this.  It is available for free, just a bit tricky to find….

 

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Article:  Land Loss Rates:  Mississippi River Deltaic Plain.  pdf

Authors:

  • Louis D. Britsch, Geotechnical Laboratory, Department of the Army
  • E. Burton Kemp III, US Army Engineer District, New Orleans

Published in:  April 1990

Publisher:  U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station

My copy was downloaded in December, 2014.  I found it by using a Google Scholar Search

If this article is not showing in the link, try copying and pasting the full title (Land Loss Rates: Mississippi River Deltaic Plain) into a search box on your browser.  This is a wonderful publication for photographs!

 

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Article:  The Flank Margin Model for Dissolution Cave Development in Carbonate Platforms.  pdf

Authors:

  • John E. Mylroie, Department of Geology and Geography, Mississippi State University (publications)
  • James L. Carew, Department of Geology, The College of Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina

Published in:  1990

Journal:  Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 15, pages 413-424.

My copy was downloaded in December, 2014.  I found it here

http://www.clas.ufl.edu/users/jbmartin/website/Classes/Surface_Groundwater/Class%2010/Mylroie_Carew_1990_ESPL%20flank%20margin%20caves.pdf

 

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Chapter:  Sediments of the Eastern Mississippi Delta.  pdf

Author:  P.C. Scruton

Book information:  Finding Ancient Shorelines, edited by Jack L. Hough and Henry W. Menard.  Published by SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology.  1955

My copy of this chapter was downloaded in December, 2014.  I found it here

http://sp.sepmonline.org/content/sepspfin/1/SEC2.body.pdf

 

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Small Change… Re-inventing Small Business on a Global Scale

I have an Etsy shop!  It has become a goal to be able to work without schedule, to be able to study, create, get enough sleep, and pay my bills without have to time my morning coffee to the public transit schedule….

With this in mind, I began to go through some articles that I have here.  Some are printed out, some are online, some have a partially finished precis.  They are all interesting and in putting this post together I have read parts of all them although, not all of them have made it here.

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Article:  Embroidery as Participation?  Women in the Calakmul Model Forest, Campeche, Mexico.  pdf

Author:  Julia E. Murphy.  Professor of Anthropology at Kwantlen Polytechnic University

Published in:  2003

Journal:  Canadian Woman Studies, les cahiers de la femme, Vol. 23, No. 1, pages 159-167.

My copy was downloaded in November, 2014.  I found it here http://pi.library.yorku.ca/ojs/index.php/cws/article/view/6376

Why this article interested me:  I love embroidery!  I learned to do embroidery from my grandmother.  When my daughter was small, my ability to knit helped to pay the bills.  Small ventures in a cooperative atmosphere can make life easier.

 

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Article:  Village Development Groups:  Model Based on Participation in Achieving Rural Development.  pdf

Authors:  Mahmoud Falsolaiman, Hojat Sadeghi, and Mohammad Hajipur.

Published in:  2014

Journal:  Journal of Geography and Regional Planning, Vol. 7, No. 4, June 2014, pages 78-85.

My copy was downloaded in November, 2014.  I found it here http://www.academicjournals.org/article/article1403017553_Mahmoud%20et%20al.pdf

Why this article interested me:  After finding the article by Julia Murphy, I went looking for more.  One of the keyword groups I used was “micro credit.”  Developing small businesses with very small amounts of venture capital has worked and is working.  I wanted to know more!

 

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Article:  New Venture Teams:  A Review of the Literature and Roadmap for Future Research.  pdf

Authors:  Anthony C. Klotz, Keith M. Hmieleski, Bret H. Bradley, and Lowell W. Busenitz.

Publisher:  Journal of Management, Vol. 40, No. 1.

DOI:  10.1177/0149206313493325

Publication Date:  January 2014.

My copy was downloaded in November, 2014.  I found it here http://jom.sagepub.com/content/40/1/226.full.pdf+html

Find more of Anthony Klotz’s writing here  –  Publications List

Find more of Keith Hmieleski’s writing here  –  Publications List

Find more of Bret Bradley’s writing here  –  Publications List

Find more of Lowell Busenitz’s writing here  –  Publications List

Why this article interested me:  So, starting a business…  Venture capital…  Taking a chance…  Is there still a climate in North America for the small partnership to succeed?  I found this article.  It has a lot about studies, research, benefits.  But, cooperation between individuals was my question.

 

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Article:  Does Studying Economics Inhibit Cooperation?.  pdf

Authors:  Robert H. Frank, Thomas Gilovich and Dennis T. Regan.

Publisher:  American Economic Association, Vol. 7, No. 2, pages 159-171.

Publication Date:  Spring, 1993.

My copy was downloaded in November, 2014.  I found it here

http://karlan.yale.edu/fieldexperiments/papers/00242.pdf

Find more of Robert Frank’s writing here  –  Publications List

Find more of Thomas Gilovich’s writing here  –  Publications List

Find more of Dennis Regan’s writing here  –  Publications List

Why this article?  Because the title caught my attention!  To find out more about the differences between economics majors and non-economics majors and how self-interest might play a role in business decisions, this is a lighter than average and, an interesting read!

 

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Book:  A Handbook of Fist Puppets.  By Bessie Alexander Ficklen:  With eight reproductions from photographs and numerous line drawings by Julie Brown

Published in:  1935.

Publisher:  Frederick A. Stocks Company.  New York.

Library Holdings:  One copy (1963) is available in the reference section at the Toronto Public Library.  Link

There are also many copies of this book for sale, online…

Why this book?  The title of Chapter XIV is “Money-Making with Fist Puppets.”  This book was a $1 find at a library book sale many years ago.  I have enjoyed browsing the pages and it holds a special place on my bookshelf.  Even though I will probably never venture to sell handmade fist puppets or write or stage my own fist puppet play, the author of this book encourages this as a means of creativity and possible income.  There is also a short, annotated, bibliography!

 

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Article:  Willow Smoke and Dogs’ Tails:  Hunter-Gatherer Settlement Systems and Archaeological Site Formation.  pdf

Author:  Lewis R. Binford

Publisher:  American Antiquity, Vol. 45, No. 1, pages 4-20.

Publication Date:  January 1980.

My copy was downloaded in 2014.  I found it here

http://arkeobotanika.pbworks.com/f/Binford%2080%20American%20Antiquity%20Willow%20smoke.pdf

Find more of Lewis Binford’s writing here  –  Publications List

Why this paper?  Lewis Binford’s description of the Nunamiut, “logistically organized.”  Hunter-gatherer’s used their knowledge of the world around them to survive.  They had to know when to move, when to stay, who to trade with.  I love reading about ancient civilizations.  We have discovered a lot about many civilizations, peoples, cultures but, we can only guess at what they knew and how they knew it.

Biology is about survival and there are only two outcomes to business, success and failure.  Life is about much more.  It is about cooperation, successes and failures, personal growth and continuation despite the outcomes.  We need to read!

 

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If any of these links do not work, please contact me and I will try to help you find the article or book that you are looking for.

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If you find any broken links on this blog, please leave a comment or send me a note so that it can be repaired.  Thank  you….

Voices from the Past – Article Link to writings on Poverty, I wonder how much has changed in 15 years….

I am placing the link information for these articles here with the thought that easier access to free e-books such as this will encourage reading and open discussion.  This is also an open invitation for you to write a precis on this book (or, on any other article or book or section of such, that you find necessary or interesting)….

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e-Book:  Voices of the Poor:  Can Anyone Hear Us?  Voices From 47 Countries.

Author:  Deepa Narayan with Raj Patel, Kai Schaffi, Anne Rademacher, and Sarah Koch-Schulte.  pdf

Published in:  1999

This is a published study that was funded by the Poverty Group, PREM, World Bank.

My copy was downloaded in November, 2014.  I found it here

http://www.iczmpwb.org/main/pdf/ebooks/vol1.pdf

Find more of Deepa Narayan’s writing here  –  Publications Link

If the link does not work, please contact me and I will try to help you find a copy.

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Here are a couple more articles that I have found to be of interest in a “connections” sort of way.  I hope that you might find them interesting too.

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Article:  Causal Stories and the Formation of Policy Agendas.  pdf

Author:  Deborah A. Stone

Published in:  1989

Journal:  Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 104, No. 2 (Summer, 1989), pages 281-300.

My copy was downloaded in November, 2014.  I found it here http://www.wilf.org/Sapir/stonecausalstories.pdf

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Article:  Do the Weak Stand a Chance?  Distribution of Resources in a Competitive Environment.  pdf

Authors:  Judith Avrahami and Yaakov Kareev.

Published in:  2009

Journal:  Cognitive Science, Vol. 33, Issue 5, pages 940-950.

My copy was downloaded in November, 2014.  I found it here http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/%28ISSN%291551-6709/issues

Find more of Judith Avrahami’s writing here  –  Publications List

Find more of Yaakov Kareev’s writing here  –  Publications List

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If any of these links do not work, please contact me and I will try to help you find the article or book that you are looking for.

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If you find any broken links on this blog, please leave a comment or send me a note so that it can be repaired.  Thank  you….

Grey Paper Link to the Dissertation: Reading the Landscape of Public Libraries as Place, by Jean McKendry, 2013

I am placing the link information for this dissertation here with the thought that easier access to grey papers such as this will encourage reading and open discussion.  This is also an open invitation for you to write a precis on this paper  (or, on any other grey paper or peer-reviewed article that you find necessary or interesting)….

You can find more on the topic of “Homelessness” by using this search link.

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Article:  Reading the landscape of public libraries as place: experiences of homeless men in public libraries in Vancouver, BC.

Author:  Jean M. McKendry

University of British Columbia.  Link.

Published in:  2013

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My copy was downloaded in November, 2014.  I found it here

https://circle.ubc.ca/bitstream/handle/2429/44505/ubc_2013_fall_mckendry_jeanmarie.pdf?sequence=1.

If the link does not work, please contact me and I will try to help you find a copy.

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Article Link: Multi-Scale Characterization of Soil Variability by Martin Yemefack, et al., published in 2005

I am placing the link information for this article here with the thought that easier access to articles such as this will encourage reading and open discussion.  This is also an open invitation for you to write a precis on this article (or, any other article that you find necessary or interesting)….

Older articles such as this one can be used for comparison with the data in newer articles.

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Article:  Multi-Scale Characterization of Soil Variability within an Agricultural Landscape Mosaic System in Southern Cameroon.

Authors:  Martin Yemefack, David G. Rossiter, Rosaline Njomgang

Journal:  Geoderma.  Vol. 125,  pages 117-143.

Published in:  2005

My copy was downloaded on November 22, 2014.  I found it using a Google Scholar search.  If the link does not work, please contact me and I will try to help you find a copy.

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Article Link: Field-Scale Variability of Soil Properties in Central Iowa Soils by C.A. Cambardella, et al., 1994

I am placing the link information for this article here with the thought that easier access to articles such as this will encourage reading and open discussion.  This is also an open invitation for you to write a precis on this article (or, any other article that you find necessary or interesting)….

Older articles such as this one can be used for comparison with the data in newer articles.

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Article:  Field-Scale Variability of Soil Properties in Central Iowa Soils  pdf

Author:  C.A. Cambardella, T.B. Moorman, J.M. Novak, T.B. Parkin, D.I. Karlen, R.F. Turco and A.E. Konopka

Journal:  Soil Science Society of America Journal.  Vol. 58:  pages 1501-1511.

Published in:  1994

My copy was downloaded on November 22, 2014 from http://www.ars.usda.gov/SP2UserFiles/Place/60820000/Manuscripts/1994/Man330.pdf

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